Click HERE for links to my older articles and texts on Romania, Socialist Eastern Europe, Balkans, post-communism, transition and civil society (to 2003)

This page contains links to my older articles and texts on Romania/Eastern Europe beginning with the Real Socialist period in the 1970s through the first decade of post-socialism/transition to about 2003.  Many articles in Danish and Romanian are not included. The articles are in chronological order. Click on links to download PDFs. For any questions, comments or downloading problems, contact me at

For MORE 21st century publications on anti-corruption and other issues, see my Lund University website at


(‘La noi ca la nimeni….’)

Feldioara: the city comes to the peasant. Dialectical Anthropology, 1975.Feldioara- The city comes to the peasant

Schimbarea si integrare in zona Brasov (UMASS group articles in Romanian). Viitorul Social vol. 6, 1977. viitorulsocial1977articles

Urbanization: Planned and Unplanned: A Case Study of Brasov City, Romania. In R. French and I. Hamilton (eds.) The Socialist City: Spatial Structure and Urban Policy, 1979. UrbanizationPlannedAndUnPlanned-ACaseStudyOfBrasovCity1979

Fieldwork in Romania: Political, Practical and Ethical Aspects (with David Kideckel), paper for UMASS Romania conference 1979, published as UMASS Research Report nr 24, 1984.Field Work in Romania_ Political Practical and Ethical Aspects-2

Ideology and Rationality in Romanian Development Strategies (on rural systematization in Romania, conference paper  written in 1979) published in UMASS Research Reports, 1984. Ideology and Rationality in Romanian Development Strategies-3

The Culture of the Planners: Some anthropological guidelines for the study of the planning process. Emerging Sociology (New Delhi), 1982.TheCultureOfthePlanners1982

Rich Families and Poor Collectives. The Second Economy in Romania. Bidrag til Östatsforskning (Uppsala) 1982RichFamiliesAndPoorCollectives1982

Muddling through in Romania, or Why the Mamaliga Doesnt Explode. International Journal of Romanian Studies, 1983MuddlingThroughInRomania-MamaligaNotExplode1982

Is Romania the next Poland? Critique:a Journal of Socialist Theory (Glasgow) vol 16(1), 1983.IsRomaniatheNextPoland1983

Fii Attent (watch out), notes on coping with Romania’s secret police, 1983, unpublished.FiiAttentNotesOnCopingWithRomanianSecretPolice1983

Bureaucracy and Corruption as Anthropological Problems: A case study from Romania. Folk (Copenhagen) 1983, vol. 25. bureaucacyandcorruption1983

Elites and Mobilization in Romanian Villages. Sociologia Ruralis, 1984ElitesAndMobilizationInRomanianVillages1984

Rumours in socialist Romania. Survey: A Journal of East-West Studies, 1984.RumoursInSocialistRomania1984

Monograph: National Integration through Socialist Planning: An Anthropological Study of a Romanian New Town. Revised doctoral dissertation on rural systematization (sistematizare rurala), UMASS-Amherst. East European Monographs, 1984national Integration through Socialist Planning (1984)

Poland’s Crisis and East European Socialism (with Ole Nørgaard). Theory and Society, 1984Poland’sCrisisandEastEuropeanSocialism1984

The Informal Sector in Eastern Europe. Telos, 1986.TheInformalSectorInEasternEurope1986

The Second Economies of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Annals Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 1987SecondEconomyOfSovietUnionandEasternEurope1987

Regime and society in Romania.,  International Journal of Romanian Studies 1987RegimeAndSocietyInRomania1987

Review of Pavel Campeanu, ‘The Origins of Stalinism’. Telos. Spring 1986.ReviewCampeanuOriginsofStalinism1987

Review of Ion Pacepa, ‘Red Horizons’, Niste ticalosi, betivi si curvari.PacepaReview-TicalosiBetivSiCurvari1987pdf

May you live only by your salary: The Unplanned Economy in Eastern Europe. Social Justice, 1988MayYouLiveOnlyByYourSalary1988

(with David Kideckel), Anthropologists Going Into the Cold: Research in the Age of Mutually Assured Destruction. In P. Turner and D. Pitt (eds). The Anthropology of War and Peace, 1988AnthropologistsIntoTheCold1988

Romania: House of Cards. Telos, 1989.RomaniaHouseOfCards1989


Tattoos and Ankle Bracelets: Recalling Fieldwork in Romania. Ms. for anthology on fieldwork in Eastern Europe ed. by Raluca Mateoc. recallingromaniarevised30oct18

How I Became a ‘Romania Expert’. Paper presented at panel on academic exchanges, Society for Romanian Studies Conference in Bucharest, June 2018, revised version appeared in Studiu Sociologica Univ Babes Bolyai, Cluj 2/2018, 2019, ed. by Iuliu Ratiu et al.IntroplusRomaniaExpertStudioSociologicaCluj


Romania 1989 (Interview, in Romanian) In Lavinia Stan and Lucian Turcescu (eds.) 1989-2009 INCREDIBILA AVENTURA A DEMOCRATIEI DUPA COMUNISM. Institutul European Iasi, Dezbatere Contemporane, 2010.romania1989booklaviniastan

Towards an anthropology of collaboration. Culture and History nr. 7 (Copenhagen), 1990.AnthropologyOfCollaboration1990

Kiss Me I’m Serbian: etniske konflikter i Østeuropa (in Danish). Politica (Aarhus), 1992. access through website

Money without culture, culture without money: Eastern Europe’s Nouveaux Riches. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 1994.MoneyWithoutCulture,CultureWithoutMoney,NouveauRiches1994

Dedublarea diversiunea si conspiratie.  (Dissimulation, diversion, conspiracy) Revista 22 (in Romanian), April 1994. summary of ‘Everything you always wanted to know about Romania but we’re afraid to ask’ (see below),  in Romanian: dedublareadiversiuneaconspiratie1994 

Everything you always wanted to know about Romania but we’re afraid to Ask’ English text of above everythingyoualwayswantedtoknow1994rev22pdf

All is possible, nothing is certain: Horizons of Transition in a Romanian village. In. David Kideckel (ed.), East European Communities: The Struggle for Balance in Turbulent Times, 1995allispossiblenothingiscertain1995

Beyond Transition: Rethinking Elite Configurations In The Balkans. In Chris Hann (ed.) Socialism: Ideals, Ideologies and Practices in Eurasia, Routledge. 2002BeyondTransitionRethinkingEliteConfigurationsInTheBalkans2002


The social life of projects: importing civil society to Albania. In E. Dunn and C. Hann (eds.) Civil Society: Challenging Western Models., 1996CIVIL.FIN

Exporting Democracy, Preventing Mafia: The Rebirth of  ‘Eastern Europe’ in the era of Post-Post-Communism. In Bo Petersen (et al.), Collective Identities in Eastern Europe. 1998. Lund Univ. press.ExportingDemocracy1998

1999 Building civil society in post-communist societies. In T. Trier and Lars F. Hansen (eds.) Conflict and Forced Displacement in the Caucasus: Perspectives, Challenges and Responses. Copenhagen: Danish Refugee Council, pp. 23-36. ISBN 87-7710-277-0.caucasus.fin2003

Civil Society, NGOs and the case of Kosova, 1999. Sector 3 (Prishtina)whatisngomekosovo

What is a Donor?, 2001. Published 2003 in Newsletter Europ. Assoc. of Soc. Anthropology. WHAT IS A DONORrevJan03

2001 Supporting Civil Society through the Strengthening of Local NGOs. In Aracely J. Andersen, Lone Bjørn-Lassen and Rikke Stefansen (eds.) The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations from Refuge to Durable Solutions in the Caucasus. Copenhagen: Danish Refugee Council, pp. 63-74. bakupaperrevisedforbook

From forms to norms: global projects and local practices in the Balkan NGO Scene. Journal of Human Rights, 2003. chiphumanrightsfinal

Too Much Civil Society: Donor-Driven Human Rights NGOs in the Balkans. In Lis Dhundale (ed.), Revisiting the Role of Civil Society in the Promotion of Human Rights, Copenhagen: Danish Institute for Human Rights, 2003.dchrhumanrightspaperREVISED8nov03

What Really Happens When We Export Democracy:  Experiences from the Balkans. Paper Presented at the Conference on Western Aid to Eastern Europe, Aleksanteri Institute, Helsinki, November 28, 2002. helsinkipaperFINALDEC03

Weak states,uncivil societies and thousands of NGOs: Benevolent Colonialism in the Balkans. In Sanimir Resic (ed), Cultural Boundaries of the Balkans. Lund University Press, 2002.weakstatesuncivilsocieties

Elections are such a drag: I’d rather be giving out blankets. Paper presented at New Approaches to Sustainable Democracy-Building Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University, September 19-20, 2003ElectionsAreSuchADrag2003

1994Romanian political culture and NGOs. In O. Moore, Civil Society in Romania (International Foundation for Electoral Systems, conference proceedings from Romania). Republished in Anthropology of Eastern Europe Review

Introduction to  Krigen på Balkan, The Balkan War. by Sefa Martin Yürükel. Aarhus: Afdeling for Etnografi og Socialantropologi, pp. 5-15.sefaintrokrigenpabalkan1995

Why do Muslims piss on the floor? Cultural explanations in a culturalized society. Anthropology in Action 4:22-29.

2003Trouble Spots: Projects, Bandits and State Fragmentation. In J. Friedman (ed.), Globalization, the State and Violence. San Francisco: Altamira Press, pp. 309-42.trouble spots Projects, bandits and state fragmentation

2003 From Kanun to Capacity Building: “The Internationals”, Civil Society Development and Security in the Balkans. In P. Siani-Davis (ed.), International Intervention in the Balkans since 1995. London, Routledge, pp. 136-157.kanunandcapacitybuildingfinal6dec02